Short History of the Town

Crest of Rheinfelden Before 1800, the territory of todays’ main town belonged to the Austrian Rheinfelden of that time, but it was only agriculturally used and there were no buildings at all.

In 1805, the river Rhine became the borderline between the Land of Baden and Switzerland. The territory on the right bank of the Rhine was allocated to Karsau, Nollingen and Warmbach.

In 1856, the railway line between Basel and Constance was opened close to the border, a station called “Near Rheinfelden” opened. As from the 1890s, Swiss large scale industries (such as a silk weaving mill, chemical plants and an aluminium smelter) settled near the railway station.
The first European river power station was built on the Rhine in Baden in the years between 1884 and 1898.

From approximately 1900, the settlement for industrial workers which had existed since the middle of the former century was extended. Subsequently, Nollingen and the new settlement became the double municipality Nollingen-Badisch Rheinfelden. On its own request, the neighbouring community of Warmbach was incorporated  into the double municipality Nollingen-Badisch Rheinfelden in 1921.

View of the Oberrheinplatz (1952)
View of the Oberrheinplatz (1952)

On 17 October 1922, the double municipality Nollingen-Badisch Rheinfelden received the status of township.  Because Badisch Rheinfelden had the higher number of inhabitants, the name “Rheinfelden” added by the supplement “(Baden)” was chosen as the official title for the new town.

Through the incorporation of the smaller neighbouring communities, the number of inhabitants of Rheinfelden (Baden) rose to more than 20,000 between 1972 and 1975. Consequently, Rheinfelden applied for the administrative position of district centre. With effect from 1 January 1975, the Federal State Government of Baden-Württemberg approved this application.

The construction of a new river power station began in 2003. In autumn 2010,  the old one was deconstructed.

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